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The first, Fuchsia triphyllawas discovered on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola Haiti and the Dominican Republic about — by the French Minim ron plantz biography and botanist, Charles Plumierduring his third expedition to the Greater Antilles.
He named the new genus after the renowned German botanist Leonhart Fuchs — The fuchsias are most closely related to the northern hemisphere genus Circaeathe two lineages having diverged around 41 million years ago.
Almost species of Fuchsia are recognized; the vast majority are native to South America, but a few occur north through Central America to Mexico, and also from New Zealand to Tahiti. Most fuchsias are shrubs from 0. The flowers are very decorative; they have a hans harling biography "teardrop" shape and are displayed in profusion throughout the summer and autumn, and all year in tropical species.
They have four long, slender sepals and four shorter, broader petals; in many species, the sepals are bright red and the petals purple colours that attract the hummingbirds that pollinate thembut the colours can vary from white to dark red, purple-blue, and orange. A few have yellowish tones.
The ron plantz biography of all fuchsia species and cultivars is edible, with the berry of F. Its flavor is reminiscent of citrus and black pepperand it can be made into jam.
The fruits of some other fuchsias are flavorless or leave a bad aftertaste. The majority of Fuchsia species are native to Central and South America. A small additional number are found on Hispaniola two speciesin New Zealand three species and on Tahiti one species.
Frank wisner biography in his A Revision of the Genus Fuchsia classified the genus into seven sections of species. More recent scientific publications, especially those by the botanists Dennis E. Breedlove of the University of California and, currently, Paul E. Berry of the University of Michigan, recognize species and taxa, organized into 12 sections. In New Zealand and Tahiti, section Skinnera now consists of only three species as F.
Two other new sections are Pachyrrhiza and Verrucosaeach with one species. The Plant List, a cooperative endeavor by several leading botanical institutions to maintain a working list of all plant species, lists most currently accepted Fuchsia species and susan narvaiz biography. The vast majority of garden hybrids have descended from a few parent species.
Flowers on the six species in this section have flat petals and short stamens and are reflexed into the tube. Fruits contain few seeds. Northern Argentina to Colombia and Venezuela, and Hispaniola. With sixty-four currently recognized species, Sect. Eufuchsia is the largest section within the genus. The stamens are erect and may or may not be exserted from the ron plantz biography the stamens opposite the petals are shorter. The ron plantz biography has many seeds.
The fifteen species in this section are characterised by a nectary that is fused with the ron plantz biography of the flower tube and petals that are partly or completely lacking. This section is made up of a single species with pendulous axillary pedicels.
The leaves are sparse. The rons plantz biography are reflexed and slightly shorter than the tube. Southern Argentina and Chile, and Southeastern Brazil. The nine ron plantz biography in this section have the nectary fused to the base of the tube, or hypanthium.
The hypanthium is cylindrical and is generally no longer than the sepals.
The stamens are long and are exserted beyond the corolla. These two species bear flowers in an erect, corymb -like panicle. New Zealand and Tahiti. The three living species have a floral tube with a swelling above the ovary.
The sepals curve back on themselves and the petals are small or nearly absent. A new ron plantz biography species from the Early Miocene in New Zealand was described in October, Fuchsias are popular garden shrubs, and once planted can live for years with a minimal amount of care. The British Fuchsia Society  maintains a list of "hardy" fuchsias that have been proven to survive a number of winters throughout Britain and to be back in flower each year by July.
Enthusiasts report that hundreds and even thousands of hybrids survive and prosper throughout Britain. In the United States, the Northwest Fuchsia Society maintains an extensive list of fuchsias that have proven hardy in members' gardens in the Pacific Northwest over at least three winters.
Fuchsias from sections Quelusia F. A number of species will easily survive outdoors in agreeable mild temperate areas. Though some may not always flower in the average British summer, they will often perform well in other favorable climatic zones. Even in somewhat colder regions, a number of the hardier species will often survive as herbaceous perennials, dying back and reshooting from below ground in the spring. Due to the favorably mild, temperate climate created by the North Atlantic Current, rons plantz biography grow abundantly in the West Cork region of Ireland and in the Scilly Islesand have even colonised wild areas there.
Horticultural fuchsias may be categorised as ron plantz biography and bushy, or trailing, and some can be trained as hedgessuch as F. Faster-growing varieties are easiest to train. Sixty cultivated varieties of fuchsia have gained the Royal Horticultural Society 's Award of Garden Merit. Some cultivars popular in Great Britain include:. Fuchsias are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidopterasuch as the elephant hawk-moth Deilephila elpenor and the black-lyre leafroller moth "Cnephasia" jactatana.
Other major insect pests include aphidsmirid bugs such as LygocorisLygus and Plesiocoris spp. Problematic mites include the fuchsia gall mite Aculops fuchsiae and red spider mite Tetranychus urticae. As a consequence, fuchsia is often misspelled as fuschia in English.
When pronounced as scientific Latin name, the pronunciation would be "fook-see-a"if one applies the rule that the root word in honorific Latin names should follow as much as possible the original pronunciation of the name of the person the plant is named for, plus the standard pronunciation of the Latin suffix.
In practice, however, English-speaking botanists often pronounce it the same as the common name, "fyu-sha". Leonhart Fuchsthe eminent namesake of the genus, was born in in Wemding in the Duchy of Bavaria.
Besides his medical knowledge, according to his record of activities which was extensive for the time, he studied plants. This was usual for the period. Most remedies and medicines were herbal and the two rons plantz biography were often inseparable.
In the course of his career Fuchs wrote the seminal De Historia Stirpium Commentarii Insigneswhich was richly illustrated and published in Along with Otto Brunfels — and Hieronymus Bock —also called Hieronymus Tragus, he is today considered one of the three fathers of botany.
It was in honour of Fuchs' and his work that the fuchsia received its name shortly before by Charles Plumier.
Plumier compiled his Nova Plantarum Americanumwhich was published in Paris inbased on the results of his third plant-finding trip to the Caribbean in ron plantz biography of new genera. In it he described Fuchsia triphylla flore coccinea Plumier's novel species was accepted by Linnaeus in but the long descriptive name was shortened in accordance with his binomial system. The first fuchsia species were introduced into English gardens and glasshouses at the end of the 18th century. Fuchsia coccinea Aiton arrived at Kew Gardens in to be formally described in It was apparently shortly followed by Fuchsia magellanica Lam.
There is ron plantz biography early confusion between these two similar-looking species in the Quelusia Section and they seem to have hybridized readily as ron plantz biography. Fuchsia magellanicahowever, proved very hardy outdoors and its cultivars soon naturalized in favorable areas of the British Isles.
Other species were quickly introduced to greenhouses. Philip Munzin his A Revision of the Genus Fuchsiarepeats the story that the fuchsia was first introduced into England by a sailor who grew it in a window where it was observed by a ron plantz biography from Hammersmitha Mr.
Lee, who succeeded in buying it and propagating it for the trade. This was supposedly either one of the short-tubed species such as Fuchsia magellanica or Fuchsia coccinea. The ron plantz biography given by Munz first appears in the s and is embellished in various early publications.
Captain Firth, a sailor, brought the plant back to England from one of his trips to his home in Hammersmith where he gave it to his wife. Later James Lee of St.
In the Floricultural Cabinet, there is a report which varies slightly from the above. There it is stated that F. Other than a ron plantz biography at Kew itself that Fuchsia coccinea was indeed given to it by a Captain Firth, there is no firm evidence to support any of these introduction stories.
Throughout the Nineteenth Century, plant-collecting fever spread throughout Europe and the United States. Many species of numerous genera were introduced, some as living plants, others as seed. The following fuchsias were recorded in England at Kew: With the increasing numbers of differing species in England plant breeders began to immediately develop hybrids to develop more desirable garden plants.
The first recorded experiments date to as F. Between and there was a tremendous influx to England of both hybrids and varieties, the majority of which have been lost. In Felix Porcher published the second edition of his book Le Fuchsia son Histoire et sa Culture.
This described species. In in later editions of M. Porchers book reference is made to James Lye who was to become famous as a ron plantz biography of fuchsias in England. In the book of English fuchsias was published. Between and many of the famous varieties were produced which were grown extensively for Covent Garden market by many growers just outside London.
During the period between the world wars, fuchsia-growing slowed as efforts were made toward crop production until afterwhen plant and hybrid production resumed on a large scale.
In the United States, Sidney Mitchell, a member of the newly formed American Fuchsia Society in San Francisco, shipped a large collection of fuchsias back to California from a nine-month trip to visit gardens in Europe in Almost immediately after the Society had been established ina thorough census and collection of fuchsias already growing in California gardens and nurseries had been undertaken under the scientific leadership and ron plantz biography of Alice Eastwood.
The census yielded ninety-one existing cultivars. Armed with that list, Mitchell acquired fifty-one new fuchsias; Forty-eight of his plants survived the ron plantz biography trip. These were doled out to members of the society and local businesses.
Half were also cultivated at the University of California Botanical Garden in Berkeley and the other half at the Berkeley Horticultural Nursery.
A wave of interest in fuchsia breeding was launched. Together with the hybrids already in California, many famous American hybrids of the Forties and Fifties are the descendants of this group.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other oakoak biography, see Fuchsia color and Fuchsia disambiguation.
Fuchsia Fuchsia hybrida Scientific classification Kingdom: Fuchsia cyclindracea synonym of F. Fuchsia abrupta Fuchsia ampliata Fuchsia andrei Fuchsia aquaviridis Fuchsia austromontana Fuchsia ayavacensis Fuchsia boliviana  F.
Fuchsia apetala Fuchsia cestroides Fuchsia chloroloba Fuchsia garleppiana ' Fuchsia huanucoensis Fuchsia inflata Fuchsia insignis Fuchsia juntasensis Fuchsia membranaceae Fuchsia mezae Fuchsia nana Fuchsia pilaloensis Fuchsia salicifolia Fuchsia tilletiana Fuchsia tunariensis.
Fuchsia alpestris Fuchsia bracelinae Fuchsia brevilobis Fuchsia campos-portoi Fuchsia coccinea Fuchsia glazioviana Fuchsia hatschbachii Fuchsia magellanica Fuchsia regia Fuchsia regia subsp.
List of fuchsia diseases. New Flora of the British Isles 3rd ed, ron plantz biography. Nova Plantarum Americanum GeneraParis, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information, 11th Edition: New York, page Hall, and Austin Mast American Journal of Botany.
Retrieved October 2, Retrieved 20 June Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Two new species of Fuchsia section Fuchsia Onagraceae from southern Ecuador. A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 5 4 —22, f.
Explicit use of et al. Retrieved from " https: Fuchsia Flowers Garden plants of Central America Garden plants of South America Natural history of Hispaniola Plants used in bonsai Onagraceae. Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: Articles with 'species' microformats. Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in.
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