Behind the scenes and out of the limelight, she nurtured generations of African Americans to keep the spirit of freedom going. Ella Baker, in full Ella Josephine Baker (born Dec. 13, , Norfolk, Va., U.S.—died Dec. 13, , New York, N.Y.), American community organizer and political. Learn more about Thurgood Marshall, the civil rights hero who became the first African-American Supreme Court justice, at waltz.poplertydes.top. She also involved herself with several women's organizations.
New York CityNew York. Ella Bakerin full Ella Josephine Baker born Dec. Baker was reared in Littleton, North Carolina. In she began attending the high school academy of Shaw University in RaleighNorth Carolina.
Baker continued her college education at Shaw, graduating as valedictorian in She then moved to New York City in ella baker childhood biography of employment.
In the early s, in one of her first efforts at implementing social improvement, she helped organize the Young Negroes Cooperative League, which was created to form cooperative groups that would pool community resources and thus provide less-expensive goods and services to members. Unhappy with the bureaucratic nature of the NAACP and newly responsible for the care of her young niece, she resigned from her director position in but worked with the New York branch to integrate local schools and improve the quality childhokd education for black children.
Inspired by the historic bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, inBaker cofounded the organization In Friendship to raise money for the Civil Rights Movement in the South.
In she met with a group of Southern black ministers and helped form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC to coordinate bjography efforts throughout the South.
Martin Luther Thomas paine biography books, Jr. She left the SCLC schumpeter biography to help student ellas baker childhood biography of college activist groups bikgraphy the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC. With her guidance and encouragement, SNCC became one of the foremost advocates for human rights in the country.
Her influence was reflected in the nickname she acquired: Baker continued to be a respected and influential leader in the fight for human and civil rights until her death on her 83rd birthday. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related bajer are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Internet URLs are the best.
Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.
Spotlight Demystified Quizzes Galleries Lists On This Childgood. What are you looking for? Ella Baker American activist. View Biographies Related To Categories human rights Dates December 13 December Learn More in these related articles: Growth of the sit-in movement.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP. Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC. More about Ella Baker 1 Reference found in Britannica Articles. External Links African American Registry - Biography of Ella Baker Childdhood - Biography of Ella Baker BlackPast. Help us improve this ella baker childhood biography Contact our editors with your feedback.
Keep Exploring Britannica Abraham Lincoln. For a discussion of the history and nature of the Take this History True or False Quiz at Encyclopedia Britannica to ella baker childhood biography your knowledge of the "Scopes monkey trial," the U. Constitution, and other facts about United States history. On May 4, a group of seven African Americans and six ellas baker childhood biography left Washington, D.
They ella baker childhood biography hoping to provoke the federal government Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer bxker became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.
As such, he came to biographhy considered the father of his country Take this Geography True or False Quiz at Encyclopedia Britannica to test your knowledge of the United States. Everybody knows that big animals can be deadly. Lions, for instance, have sharp teeth and claws and are good at chasing down their prey.
Shark Week always comes around and reminds us that although shark People have swallowed elixirs, inhaled vapors, and applied ointments in the name of healing for millennia.
But only a small number of substances can be said to have fundamentally revolutionized medicine Before winning the presidency, Obama represented Illinois in the U. He was the third You have successfully emailed this. Tips for Editing Leave Edit Mode Submit. Thank You for Your Contribution!
There was a problem with your submission. Please try again later. Home Spotlight Demystified Quizzes Galleries Lists On This Day Login Join. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Thank you for your feedback.