Mary Magdalen of Pazzi St. Missionary priest of the Society of the Divine Word. The largest Catholic store on the Internet for all your Catholic gift needs. We sell church supplies, first communion gifts, catholic bibles, Catholic books, rosaries. 一月1日：天主之母 (節日)Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God 早於年厄弗所大公會議，已宣認天主之母（誕神女）的信道，強調. From the beginning of my Pontificate, I have made a priority of exercising the ministry of Bishop of Rome, even by visiting the parish communities of the Diocese.
Take the Saints Trivia Quiz now! Wojtyla, known as John Paul II since his October biography of saint joseph freinademetz to the papacy, was born in Wadowice, a small city 50 kilometres from Cracow, on May 18, He was the second of two sons born to Karol Wojtyla and Emilia Kaczorowska.
His mother died in His eldest brother Edmund, a doctor, died in and his father, a non-commissioned army officer died in He made his First Holy Communion at age 9 and was confirmed at Upon graduation from Marcin Wadowita high school in Wadowice, he enrolled in Cracow's Jagiellonian University in and in a school for drama.
The Nazi occupation forces closed the university in and young Karol had to work in a quarry and then in the Solvay chemical factory to earn his living and to avoid being deported to Germany. Inaware of his call to the priesthood, he began courses in the clandestine seminary of Cracow, run by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Cracow. At the same time, Karol Wojtyla was one of the pioneers of the "Rhapsodic Theatre," also clandestine.
After the Second World War, he continued his studies in the major seminary of Cracow, once it had re-opened, and in the faculty of theology of the Jagiellonian University, until his priestly ordination in Cracow on November 1, Soon after, Cardinal Sapieha sent him to Rome where he worked under the guidance of the French Dominican, Garrigou-Lagrange.
He finished his doctorate in theology in with a thesis on the topic of faith in the works of St. John of the Cross. At that time, during his vacations, he exercised his pastoral ministry among the Polish immigrants of France, Belgium and Holland. Wojtylaknown as John Paul II since his October election to the papacy, was born in Wadowice, a small city 50 kilometres from Cracow, on May 18, In he returned to Poland and was vicar of various parishes in Cracow as well as chaplain for the biography of saint joseph freinademetz students untilwhen he took up again his studies on philosophy and theology.
In he defended his habilitation thesis on "evaluation of the possibility of founding a Christian biography of saint joseph freinademetz on the ethical system of Max Scheler" at the Faculty of Theology of Jagiellonian University It was the last habilitation before closing the Faculty by comunist goverment.
Later he became professor of moral philosophy and social ethics in the major seminary of Cracow and in the Faculty of philosophy at the Catholic University of Lubin where he became the Director of the Chair of Ethic, and lectured for 25 years until his election for the Pope in On July 4,he was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Cracow by Pope Pius XII, and was consecrated September 28,in Wawel Cathedral, Cracow, by Archbishop Baziak. On January 13,he was nominated Archbishop of Cracow by Pope Paul VI, who made him a cardinal June 26, Besides taking part in Vatican Council II with an important contribution to the elaboration of the Constitution Gaudium et spes, Cardinal Wojtyla participated in all the assemblies of the Synod of Bishops.
Since the start of his Pontificate on October 16,Pope John Paul II has completed 95 pastoral visits outside of Italy and within Italy. As Bishop of Rome he has visited of the parishes. His principal documents include 14 encyclicals13 apostolic exhortations11 apostolic constitutions and 42 apostolic letters. The Pope has also published three books: On the 50th Anniversary of My Priestly Ordination" November and "Roman Tryptych - Meditations", a book of poems March John Paul II has presided at beatification ceremonies 1, Blesseds proclaimed and 48 canonization ceremonies Saints during his pontificate.
He has held 8 consistories in which he created cardinals. He has also convened six plenary meetings of the College of Cardinals. From to today the Holy Father has presided at 15 Synods of Bishops: No other Pope has encountered so many individuals like John Paul II: Such figure is without counting all other special audiences and religious ceremonies held [more than 8 million pilgrims during the Great Jubilee of the Year alone] and the millions of faithful met during pastoral visits made in Italy and throughout the world.
It must also be remembered the numerous government personalities encountered during 38 official visits and in the audiences and meetings held with Heads of Stateand even the audiences and meetings with Prime Ministers. On May 18,during the month traditionally dedicated to Mary the Mother of the Lord, one of her greatest treasures for the Church of her Son was born in the town of Wodowice, 35 miles southwest of Krakow Poland.
The world would later receive him as Saint Pope John Paul II. His name was Karol Polish for Karl or Charles Josef Wojtyla. His biography of saint joseph freinademetz had about 10, residents, roughly 8, Catholics and 2, Jews. He was given a nickname by his friends, "Lolek.
Karol was Baptized into Christ and His Church on June 20, by a Chaplain in the Polish Army, Fr. Karol was the son of a Polish Army Lieutenant also named Karol, a biography of saint joseph freinademetz by trade.
Karol's mother Emilia, was a schoolteacher. He had an older brother named Edmund and sister named Olga. His brother became a Doctor in the town of Bielsko. Sadly, his sister died before Karol was born. The Wojtylas were faithful Catholics. They rejected the growing anti-Semiticism among some Poles in that troubled time. One of young Karol's friends was Jerzy Kluger. He later recalled playing soccer with Karol. The teams were divided between Catholics and Jews.
However, given the disparity in numbers, he recounts that young Karol would volunteer to play on the Jewish team in order to make the game more competitive and even out the odds. This friendship lasted for a lifetime. Jerzy later participated in the dialogue which led to the extension of the Vatican's diplomatic recognition of the State of Israel. A special love for the Jewish people took root in young Karol. It was demonstrated dramatically during his Papacy when he visited the Central Synagogue of Rome and condemned anti-Semitism "at any time and by anyone.
He was fond of regularly referring to the Jewish people as "our elder brothers" and taught the whole Church to do the same. Young Karol lost his mother a month before his ninth birthday. She died of heart and kidney problems. When he was only 12 years old his brother the Doctor died of scarlet fever. A childhood friend named Szczepan Mogielnicki told one news source that "he lost his childhood at 12, when he lost his brother There was no youthful folly in him.
Even when he played sports, he was very concentrated, but of course, he had a lot of passion. He was a very noble person, and he expressed things in a very noble way, but there was no folly. The elder Karol sewed his sons clothing and watched over his studies. He taught him to be self disciplined and to work hard. He was deeply devoted to raising the son he loved. Another friend recalls entering the small apartment and finding father and son playing soccer with a ball made of rags.
Karol credited his Catholic faith to the influence of his father. The Church was a vital biography of saint joseph freinademetz of their life as a biography of saint joseph freinademetz. He made his First Holy Communion at age 9, they practiced their Catholic faith in the home and Karol was confirmed at Upon graduation from Marcin Wadowita high school in Wadowice, he enrolled in Krakow's Jagiellonian University in and in a school for drama.
During his early schooling young Karol Wojtyla participated in his first theatrical performances. His lifelong love for the theater and all of the arts was born. He began writing poetry. He performed in his first student theatrical productions.
He began the study of Greek, was elected president of the Sodality of Mary, and made his first pilgrimage to Czestochowa, home of the Image of Our Lady of Czestochowa. It was also during this time that he impressed Adam Cardinal Sapieha, the Archbishop of Krakow. According to his friend Fr. Mieczyslaw Malinski, Karol's skill as a speaker caught the Archbishops biography of saint joseph freinademetz when he visited the young man's school.
Karol had been chosen to give the welcoming speech - and he did so with great skill. The Archbishop asked the biography of saint joseph freinademetz of the parish whether young Karol had considered the priesthood. He was told that Karol had his heart set on pursuing an acting career in the theatre.
InSaint Pope John Paul II shared these thoughts with young people in Los Angeles, "I am often asked, especially by young people, why I became a priest. Maybe some of you would like to ask the same question.
Let me try briefly to reply. I must begin by saying that it is impossible to explain entirely. For it remains a mystery, even to myself. How does one explain the ways of God? Yet, I know that, at a certain point in my life, I became convinced that Christ was saying to me what he had said to thousands before me: Christ was calling me to serve him as a priest.
And you can probably tell that I am deeply grateful to God for my vocation to the priesthood. Nothing means more to me or gives me greater joy that to celebrate Mass each day and to serve God's people in the Church.
That has been true ever since the day of my ordination as a priest. Nothing has ever changed this, not even becoming Pope. When Karol enrolled in Jagiellonian University in the fall of he first entered the school of philosophy.
He also joined "Studio 38" an "experimental" theatre group where he continued acting. Events in Poland intervened in his life and interrupted his formal studies. However, nothing would interrupt his continued pursuit of learning. The troops of the National Socialists of Hitler's Germany invaded Poland in They quickly overtook the ill prepared Polish army.
Among the many immediate acts of aggression undertaken by the Nazis was to close the University. Young Karol took a job in as a stone-cutter at a quarry in Zakrzowek, near Krakow. He later worked in the Solvay chemical factory to earn a living and avoid being deported to Germany. However, it was during those dark days that the seed of his priestly vocation was being watered and the light of his growing faith began to illuminate the path he would take in response to God's call.
During this time Karol Wojtyla came to know Jan Tryanowski, a young Catholic layman and youth leader at St. Stanislaus Kostka parish in the s. That was Karol's university parish. During the Nazi occupation, priests were at a minimum. This young layman Jan had an extraordinary impact on Karol's life. He may have also contributed to the future Pope's lifelong conviction concerning the call of the lay faithful to fully participate in the mission of the Church.
During his later participation in the Second Vatican Council and throughout his pontificate, he would be a champion of the universal call to holiness and the vital apostolate of the lay faithful. This tailor Jan Tryanowski was a biography of saint joseph freinademetz, a man of deep prayer, who studied the writings of St John of the Cross and spirituality of St.
Teresa of Avila with great intensity. Initially, young Karol was not all that impressed with Tryanowski. However, the Holy Spirit was unfolding a plan in young Karol's life. He became increasingly drawn to the tailor's interior life of prayer and deep real world aith. Tryanowski became a mentor to Karol. His influence helped to set the future Pope on a path which not only changed him but would change the whole world through him.
Jan Tryanowski taught Karol about union with God and the call to abandon all to follow Jesus. Now we biography of saint joseph freinademetz that tailor, the Servant of God Jan Tryanowski and his own cause for canonization is underway.
Then, among his other youth outreaches, Tryanowski had formed a "Living Rosary" group. From that group many priestly and religious vocations emerged, including that of the young Karol Wojtyla. Years later Archbishop Karol Wojtyla wrote of the biography of saint joseph freinademetz Jan Tyranowski had upon him:. He disclosed to me the riches of his inner life, of his mystical life.
In his words, in his spirituality and in the example of a life given to God alone, he represented a new world that I did not yet know. I saw the beauty of a soul opened up by grace. Inthe seeds of his priestly vocation had taken deep root. Aware of his call to the priesthood, Karol Wojtyla made the choice to began courses in the underground seminary of Krakow. It was being run by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, the Archbishop of Krakow.
However, Karol continued his acting, writing, and poetry. He became one of the pioneers of the "Rhapsodic Theatre". It, like seminary formation, was also forced underground by the Nazi occupation.
This connection between the beauty of the Arts and the Christian vocation became a continuing theme of Karol Wojtyla. In one of his least known Papal letters entitled a "Letter to Artists" Saint Pope John Paul would write of "vocation" of artists to create "Epiphanies of Beauty.
After the Second World War the seminarian Karol Wojtyla entered the re-opened major biography of saint joseph freinademetz in Krakow. He also enrolled once again at Jagiellonian University to study theology.
He was ordained to the diaconate and then to the priesthood by Archbishop Sapieha in Krakow on November 1, His intelligence and aptitude for further study became clear to the Archbishop, by then elevated to Cardinal.
He sent Fr Karol Wojtyla to Rome to study and work under one of the great scholars and spiritual writers of the Church, the French Dominican, Fr. Karol Wojtyla first entered into graduate studies at the Pontifical University of St.
Thomas Aquinas Angelicum in Rome. His biography of saint joseph freinademetz was one of the many gifts, both natural and spiritual, which he offered to the Lord. While a student, he roomed with Fr. Starowieyski, another Polish priest at the Pontifical Belgian College, with whom he became biographies of saint joseph freinademetz. Inhe received his STL License which, in the European University system, is an absolute requirement to teach.
That summer the two traveled to France, Belgium and Holland. In the area of Charleroi he carried out his pastoral activities with the Polish workers. Then, under the oversight of Fr. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, OP, he began his studies toward a Doctorate. The influence of Jan Tryanowski was still bearing fruit in the life and thought of Fr.
He sought approval for a dissertation topic "The Problem of Faith in the Works of St. He later earned a master's degree in theology at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow's well as a doctorate in sacred theology in the Faculty of Theology at the Jagiellonian Universiity. He was called to Krakow to be an biography of saint joseph freinademetz pastor at St. Florian's in Krakow and serve as a chaplain to university students and health workers.
In Archbishop Baziak who had replaced Cardinal Sapieha gave Fr Karol a biography of saint joseph freinademetz in order to enable him to qualify as a University Professor. For two years he worked on this further academic position successfully completed his examinations. He also had to write and defend another thesis in order to qualify for a university professorship.
This he diligently pursued for the next two years. His philosophical interests lay in the area of phenomenology and he focused on a philosopher named Max Scheler.
He began to see the limitations of the approach. As a result, the seeds were planted in Fr Karol the scholar, student and professor to begin what would later become his own contribution to the field of philosophical ethics and the renewal of Catholic Moral theology. He began his teaching experiences by offering a class on social ethics to fourth year theology students in the seminary.
As time passed, Jagellonian University merged its theology program biography of saint joseph freinademetz the archdiocesan seminary.
In effect, the entire faculty of the theology school was eliminated. Karol Wojtyla accepted what was originally a non-tenured professorship at the Catholic University of Lublin. In he was appointed to a Chair in Ethics and the next year he was approved as a full lecturer. For the next twenty years he taught and developed his thought in the field of Ethics and moral Theology.
In Fr Karol Wojtyla was called to another assignment in his continuing response to the vocation the Lord had given him. He was ordained to the fullness of Holy Orders and received his first Episcopal assignment as an auxiliary Bishop to assist Archbishop Eugeniusz Baziak of Krakow. His enormous gifts of both teaching and pastoral care continued to be offered to the Church of Poland.
Bishop Karol Wojtyla taught at University and provided biography of saint joseph freinademetz care to students. Though he had already published many articles in areas of both philosophical and theological interest in his academic studies and early University research and teaching, it was during this period of time that he wrote his first major book entitled "Love and Responsibility.
In addition his practical pastoral experience drew even more fully into consideration of the nature of human love in the Divine Plan.
On October 5, Bishop Karol Wojtyla joined Bishops from around the world as the Second Vatican Council was convened in Rome. He attended every one of the sessions, contributing significantly and being deeply formed as well as changed by the experience. During this time of the Council, his life as a Bishop of the Church underwent a significant development. Archbishop Baziak of Krakow died and after the first session of the Council, Bishop Wojtyla was again called to say "yes" to the invitation of the Lord speaking through His Church.
Pope John XXIII appointed Bishop Wojtyla to become Bishop of Krakow. At the time of the appointment, his beloved Poland was under the oppression of another inhuman ideology, atheistic communism. As a result, he was not officially appointed until by Pope Paul VI and was formally installed on March 8, This son of Poland who had studied for his ordination in an underground seminary during the infamous oppression of the Nazi's was to live and lead through another era marked by an ideology which failed to recognize God and, as a result, failed to defend the dignity of human persons created in His Image.
He would later be elevated to the office Cardinal by the same Pope Paul VI on May 29, During the three years of the Second Vatican Council, Bishop Karol Wojtyla played a significant role at the Council.
He actively participated in the debates and assisted in the drafting of the decrees which were produced by the Council Fathers.
Of particular note, the future Pope was a biography of saint joseph freinademetz on the commission which drafted the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, Gaudium et Spes. The theological anthropology which emerged from that profound document would become one of the foundations of his extraordinary teaching magisterium when he assumed the chair of Peter many years later.
He is known to have also contributed to the seminal Declaration on Religious Liberty, Dignitatis Humanae, and the Decree on the Instruments of Social Communications, Inter Mirifica. After this historic Council, Bishop Karol Wojtyla returned to Poland to implement the teaching of the Council Fathers. He wrote one of the most significant books concerning the teaching of the Council entitled "Sources of Renewal" in It is the only book written by a Bishop who participated in the Council.
In it one finds the seeds and themes which would later come to full flourishing as he wrote his encyclicals, apostolic letters and exhortations after being elected to the Chair of Peter. Among the biographies of saint joseph freinademetz effects of the Second Vatican Council were structural reforms.
Two of the institutions affected were the Synods of Bishops and the Conferences of Bishops. By then Karol Wojtyla had been named a Cardinal. He was elected to Vice-presidency of the Polish Bishops Conference. His courage was evident in the strong leadership he provided to the Church of Poland as she faced persecution under Communist Rule. Throughout the 's Karol Cardinal Wojtyla made significant contributions to the Bishops assemblies, serving in numerous biography of saint joseph freinademetz capacities.
This Cardinal of Poland emerged as a courageous defender of the faith and an excellent theologian, helping to implement the reforms begun by the Second Vatican Council. His papers and presentations continued to enrich the universal Church.
The themes which would characterize his Papal magisterium sunk their roots deep and were watered by the wisdom he gained in providing pastoral care to the people of God in his beloved Poland. He was a light of truth throughout those turbulent years as he traveled to Rome for meetings. On August 11, he traveled to Rome to attend the funeral of Pope Paul VI and the events which followed would mark another call from the Lord; one which would both surprise and change the whole world.
Karol Cardinal Wojtyla's was selected as a Cardinal by Pope Paul VI in In March ofhe was invited to give a Lenten retreat to the aging Pope. The talks became a book of deep spiritual insights and reflections entitled "Sign of Contradiction. It would be the beginning of a deep and enduring friendship with the American people.
Cardinal Wojtyla had a deep conviction of the importance of Pope Paul VI's Encyclical Letter Humanae Vitae, On Human Life, published in It was about more than the regulation of birth and issues of contraception; it was about the dignity of the human person and human love in the Divine Plan.
Sadly, the letter became a rallying point for some who chose to dissent. However, Karol Cardinal Wojtyla's work in theological anthropology, his development of a theology of marriage and family, and his Wednesday Catechetical Instructions later compiled as "Human Love in the Divine Plan" and popularly called the "Theology of the Body" as Pope, clearly built upon this important Encyclical letter of Paul VI and have ensured its lasting effects.
The death of Pope Paul VI on August 6,the Feast of the Transfiguration, brought Cardinal Wojtyla to Rome where he participated in the Conclave which elected Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice as Pope. The gentle smiling Pope took the name John Paul I to represent his commitment to continuity with the pontificates of both of his predecessors and the Council which they presided over.
Sadly, 33 days later Pope John Paul I died in office. Karol Cardinal Wojtyla soon heard the Lord call him to an assignment he probably never expected when he studied for the priesthood in an underground seminary in Poland. On October 16,the Cardinals gathered under the guidance of the Holy Spirit and chose Karol Cardinal Wojtyla as the rd successor to the Apostle Peter. He took the name John Paul II as his first teaching act, sending the signal of continuity.
He stepped out on to the balcony in St. Peters Square and proclaimed: Open up, no; swing wide the gates to Christ. Open up to his saving power the confines of the State, open up economic and political systems, the vast empires of culture, civilization and development Affirmed by many as one of the chief architects of the Second Vatican Council and its extraordinary biography of saint joseph freinademetz on the relationship of the Church to the "modern" world" entitled "Joy and Hope" or "Gaudium et Spes" in Latinthis strong, biography of saint joseph freinademetz, charismatic priest and Bishop now occupied the chair of Peter.
At a critical time in the history of both the Church and the biography of saint joseph freinademetz, he stepped forward like a lion, with a prophetic roar.
He strode onto that platform with strength and vitality. This mountain climbing Polish Pope was so filled with the love of God it was contagious. A talented and gifted "man of letters", a playwright, a philosopher, an intellectual giant, a poet, but more importantly, a genuine human being with a heart that embraced the whole world, like the Heart of the One whom he represents on earth.
He truly has been the "Vicar of Christ", representing the Lord, the King of Kings, for so many millions throughout the world.
Like a lion in Peter's chair, he consistently and tirelessly lived what he boldly proclaimed with great courage. Unafraid, he traversed the globe, proclaiming freedom to the captives and truth to the victims of failed false ideologies that had ravaged the people of the twentieth century, the bloodiest in all of human history. He has not stopped passionately re-presenting the classical, unchanging, Christian message with a prophetic urgency, profound clarity and contemporary relevance.
Communism, atheism, secularism, false humanisms This Pope proclaimed that the "Redeemer of Man" the of his first encyclical letterJesus Christ, is the path to authentic personal, social and universal freedom! He authored more encyclical letters, apostolic exhortations, constitutions and letters than any Pope in the two thousand year history of the Christian Church.
In these writings and so risha denney biography allocutions, this marvelous man has given us a treasury to unpack for centuries. He meticulously and brilliantly developed themes during his service to the Church and the world. Among them; "The Culture of Life", "The Civilization of Love", "The New Evangelization", "The New Springtime of world missions ", "The Universal Call to holiness"; "Christian Marriage and family life as a domestic church"; "A Spirituality of Communion"; "The Theology of the Body"; "The Common Good"; "The Unity of Life"; "The New Humanism"; "The New feminism and the Feminine Genius"; "The Two Lungs of East and West"; " Catholic Action", and a "New Advent" for all of humanity in Jesus Christ.
His writings were vast, 14 Encyclicals, 15 Apostolic Exhortations, 11 Apostolic Constitutions, 45 Apostolic Letters and five books, "Crossing the Threshold of Hope" October"Gift and Mystery, on the biography of saint joseph freinademetz anniversary of my ordination as priest" November"Roman Triptych" poetic meditations March"Arise, Let us Be Going" May and "Memory and Identity" February He promulgated the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
He reformed the Eastern and Western Codes of Canon Law. He was an extraordinary Pope on every front. His magisterium set a framework for what is becoming under his successor, Pope Benedict XVI, a new missionary age. His teaching helped to bring about an authentic biography of saint joseph freinademetz of the Church. It also reasserted the mission of the Church to engage and transform human culture, including the arts, politics, the academy, and economic and political realm - because no area of human experience is "off-limits" to the influence of the Gospel and the Church.
The Church is, in the words of the Fathers of the second Vatican Council, an "expert in humanity". Saint Pope John Paul II called all men and women to the Redeemer, Jesus Christ. He reminded us that only in Jesus Christ can we discover the purpose and fulfillment of human life. He proclaimed that human existence itself is an biography of saint joseph freinademetz to communion with God and with one another. He told an age bent of "self fulfillment" that true human fulfillment only comes from giving ourselves in love to God and to one another.
He called us to live a unity of life, wherein the implications of the Christian faith inform the entirety of life with no contradiction or separation. He confronted, exposed and opposed the "culture of death", wherein the human person is treated as an instrument to be used rather than an unrepeatable gift to be received. He proposed a different way, building a new "culture of life" where every human person, at every age and stage, is recognized as having an inviolable dignity and right to life, freedom and love.
He charted a path to peace and solidarity, proclaiming to the nations that we are all our brothers' keeper and that we owe an obligation in solidarity to one another and, most especially, to the poor in all of their manifestations.
He wrote of authentic freedom as a freedom "for" and not just a freedom "from", a freedom that must be bounded by truth and lived in accordance with the moral understanding of our obligation to do what is biography of saint joseph freinademetz.
He exposed what he called in his Encyclical "The Gospel of Life" the "counterfeit notion of freedom" as a raw power over others.
He countered the false notion of the autonomy of the individual as the measure of a "freedom" to do whatever one wants by insisting that the path to human flourishing is communion.
He proclaimed a new and true humanism, reaffirming that we were created in the Image of God, made for communion. He insisted that through applying the treasury of the social teaching of the Catholic Church - in our relationships with one another, in our families, in our societies, our nations and in the global community - authentic justice and freedom can actually be achieved.
Entrusted for twenty six years with the most important role of service in the Church and the world, Saint Pope John Paul II was a prophetic Pope in both word and deed. From his first encyclical letter entitled "The Redeemer of Man" to his last, the "Church of the Eucharist", he proclaimed that the truth is, as he wrote in his profound Encyclical Letter on the Moral Life, a "splendor". He called for reconciliation among separated Christians in "May They Be One" and a new model of full communion with the Church which is beginning to be implemented under Pope Benedict XVI with the creation of Anglican Ordinariates as an example.
With deep love for the "Light of the East" he called Eastern and Western Christianity to rediscover their dependence upon one another in order that the entire Body of Christ might once again breathe with "two lungs" and present the whole Jesus Christ to a world that needs to be liberated. Again, his successor continues the effort with extraordinary promise. The oft-repeated paragraph 22 from "Joy and Hope", one of Saint Pope John Paul's favorite, is a key to understanding his deep faith: For Adam, was a type of him who was to come, Christ the lord, Christ the new Adam, in the very revelation of the mystery of the Father and of His love, fully reveals man to himself and brings to biography of saint joseph freinademetz his most high calling.
He began his pontificate Lion roaring and ended it like a lamb. The once vibrant, strong Pope became frail, sick and physically weak. The giant of a man, who once climbed mountains, mounted the cross of human suffering and, in his frail frame, exercised the authority of his office from a unique chair, still the Chair of Peter, a wheel chair. How fitting for the champion of the weak, the disabled, the elderly, those who have no voice, was finally joined physically to them in order to show the world the truth of the beauty and dignity of every human life.
The Pope who revealed the love of God through years of emptying himself out for the Lord and His people showed us the beauty of a suffering endured in love and offered for others in his last days among us. With decreasing verbal eloquence because his lips stammered from the ravages david hutter biography Parkinson's disease, he achieved something beyond words; he demonstrated the truth of the Christian message of love by revealing the God who came to suffer for us all in his beautiful silence.
Then he went home to the Father having become a seed of the "New Springtime" he proclaimed. The Lord proclaimed that "unless a grain of wheat fall to the ground On April 2, at 9. The beatification of Blessed John Paul II on the Feast of Divine Mercy, May 1, was announced by a decree which addressed the importance of the date chosen:. This became the theme of his second encyclical, Dives in Misericordia, in He was aware that modern culture and its language do not have a place for mercy, treating it as something strange; they try to inscribe everything in the categories of justice and law.
But this does not suffice, for it is not what the reality of God is about. We had a saint in our midst; a man so filled with Jesus Christ that, like the Apostle Paul, he no longer lived but "Christ lived in him. The cry of the faithful on the day on which his body was processed through the streets of Rome, "Santo Subito" continues. In fact, it grows stronger. We seek his intercession and are inspired by the witness of his holy life and inspiring death. We share our stories of his continued work from heaven.
The final step to his canonization is an attested second miracle. On the morning of July 6, Pope Benedict XVI visited an exhibition dedicated to Blessed John Paul II, his friend and predecessor. The exhibition was offered in the Charlemagne Wing at the left colonnade of St. There are many places springing up around the world dedicated to this wonderful treasure, this saint of the Lord.
Catholic Online now offers this virtual exhibition place for stories, testimonies, photos, images, writings and tributes to the Blessed John Paul II as the cause for his canonization proceeds. The Venerable Pope John Paul IIby Andre Durand. In our creed we profess our belief in the "communion of saints. For all who are in Christ, having His Spirit, form one Church and cleave together sanskar serial dhara biography Him.
For by reason of the fact that those in heaven are more closely united with Christ, they establish the whole Church more firmly in holiness, lend nobility to the worship which the Church offers to God here on earth and in many ways contribute to its greater edification.
Thus by their brotherly interest our weakness is greatly strengthened. The saints are the great "cloud of witnesses" to which the author of the letter to the Hebrews referred. Our relationship with one another does not end. The ancient belief in the communion of saints is explained wonderfully in the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
The Catechism offers copious references to the scriptural roots of the doctrine and the earliest teachings of the fathers and Councils of the Church affirming it. In that section we also find two short quotes from Saints with whom we are all familiar. There are chosen from among a myriad of others in the Tradition.
However, they bring this wonderful biography of saint joseph freinademetz right down to our popular piety. The first is found in the account of the death of St. Dominic; the words he spoke to the brothers who gathered around him: When we are in need we turn to one another for assistance through the prayer of intercession. Death does not separate us. The Saints are our friends and our models. The process of canonization has evolved from the earliest centuries as a way of recognizing the heroic virtue of those who have gone on before us and are heroes to be emulated and intercessors with great efficacy and empathy.
Clearly, Blessed John Paul II is numbered among them. As the final step of the canonization process unfolds, the verification of an additional miracle which, in the opinion of this deacon is beyond doubt we offer this virtual place of pilgrimage, prayer and gathering along the road. On April 2, at 9: Blessed Pope John Paul II died. In April of his successor, Pope Benedict XVI, told Pilgrims gathered in Rome "With you, I pray for the gift of beatification".
That prayer has been answered. Friday, January 14, the Holy See released the "Decree for the Beatification of the Servant of God John Paul II" which can be read in its entirety here. Sunday, January 16,Pope Benedict XVI, after praying the Angelus, Pope Benedict XVI announced "On 1 May I biography of saint joseph freinademetz have the joy of proclaiming the Blessed Pope John Paul II, my biography of saint joseph freinademetz, as a blessed.
The date chosen is very significant because it will, in fact, be the second Sunday of Easter which he himself dedicated to Divine Mercy and on the eve of which his earthly life came to an end Those who knew him, those who respected and loved him cannot but biography of saint joseph freinademetz in the Church's joy at this event.
In the last ten centuries of Church history no Pope has beatified his predecessor. From the beginning of Pope Benedict's pontificate it has been clear that he has longed for this day. On April 3, at another Angelus, he told the faithful who had gathered "I remember him in prayer with affection as I think of you all.
While we journey through Lent and prepare for the feast of Easter, we come with joy to the day when we will also venerate as a saint this great pope and witness of Christ, and rely even more on his intercession. On April 9, Pope Benedict XVI attended a documentary film entitled "The Great Pope: Pilgrim in White", directed by the Polish director Jaropslaw Szmidt on the pontificate of Blessed Pope John Paul II. John Paul II was a great scholar and great apostle of Christ.
God chose him for the Chair of Peter and granted him biography of saint joseph freinademetz life in order that he might accompany the Church into the third millennium. By his example, he guided us all in this pilgrimage and continues to do so from above".
The choice of the Feast of Divine Mercy, May 1, for this biography of saint joseph freinademetz is intentionally chosen. Blessed Pope John Paul II had a deep devotion to his fellow Pole Sr. Faustina Kowalska and to the Divine Mercy devotion identified with her. In Augustin Lagiewniki, Poland where Sr. Faustina lived and died, John Paul II entrusted the entire world "to Divine Mercy, to the unlimited trust in God the Merciful. The Decree of Beatification notes, "Since the beginning of his pontificate, inJohn Paul II often spoke in his homilies of the mercy of God.
There is no doubt that we had a saint in our midst. A man so filled with Jesus Christ that, like the Apostle Paul, he no longer lived but "Christ lived in him. Now, he will be raised to the Altar on the Feast of Divine Mercy and the faithful will call him "Blessed John Paul II. In May of she was once again continuing her good works at a maternity ward again. Pope John Paul's second miracle occurred in A Costa Rican woman, Floribeth Mora, who was suffering from a biography of saint joseph freinademetz brain aneurism, was healed biography of saint joseph freinademetz no known natural medical cause, on the date of John Paul's beatification.
A panel of expert theologians from the Vatican examined the evidence and determined that it was directly attributable to the intercession of John Paul. Two other potential miracles are thought to have occurred due to the direct intercession of Pope John Paul II. On the fourth anniversary of the Pope's death, a Polish boy who had suffered from kidney cancer and was completely unable to walk, was visiting the tomb with his parents. Peter's Basilica he told his parents he wanted to walk, and then began to walk normally.
The other miracle attributed to Pope John Paul is the miraculous curing of Marco Fidel Rojas, the mayor of Huila, Colombia who was suffering from Parkinsons. His doctor has authenticated his cure. Pope Francis confirmed his approval of the canonization of John Paul II on July 4,formally recognizing the second miracle attributed to his intercession. He was canonized alongside the Blessed John XXIII on April 27,Divine Mercy Sunday, in St.
Peter's Square at the Vatican in Rome. The Canonization Mass was celebrated by Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI. In biography of saint joseph freinademetz it came to designate the senate of the Roman pontiff, that is, "the assemblage of the Cardinals in council around the Pope" Innocent III to the Bishop of Ely and the Archdeacon of Norwich, in ; see Gonzalez, "Commentaria in textus decretalium Gregorii IX", III, vii, The origin of the papal consistory is closely connected with the history of the Roman presbytery or body of the Roman clergy.
In the old Roman presbyterium there were deacons, in charge of the ecclesiastical temporalities in the various regions of Rome; priests, at the head of the principal churches of the city, called tituli; and at least by the eighth century the bishops of the dioceses in the neighborhood of Rome.
The cardinals of today divided likewise into the three orders of bishops, priests, and deacons have succeeded the members of the ancient presbytery not only in the offices attaching to these three grades, though with somewhat different functions, but also, and chiefly, in the capacity of assisting the pope in the management of ecclesiastical affairs.
From the earliest Christian times the popes were wont to confer with the Roman presbytery on matters affecting the interests of the Church. From a letter of Pope Cornelius to St. Cyprian we learn that he had summoned his presbytery before agreeing to the reconciliation of three schismatics.
Likewise, Pope Liberius informed the Roman clergy about the course of action he had deemed advisable to take during his biography of saint joseph freinademetz. Pope Siricius condemned the heresy of Jovinian after having convoked his presbytery.
How far the more prominent members of the Roman clergy, eventually called cardinals, were being gradually entrusted with the management of ecclesiastical affairs is shown by the action of Leo IV and John VIII in the ninth century.
The former ordered that the Roman cardinals should meet twice a week in the Sacred Palace to provide for the administration of the churches, look after the discipline of the clergy, and decide the cases of laymen. The latter ordered them to meet at least twice a month in order to take cognizance of and decide cases of biographies of saint joseph freinademetz and laymen brought before the pope's tribunal. For many centuries, however, the Roman presbytery did not form the senate of the popes to the exclusion of all other clerics, at least in matters of greater importance.
These matters were discussed and decided in the Roman council, which, though admitting the Roman clergy to an active part, consisted chiefly of bishops summoned by the pope from the greater part of Italy, as well as of other bishops who happened to be in Rome at the time. These councils were very frequent until the biography of saint joseph freinademetz of the biography of saint joseph freinademetz century.
Thenceforth, the popes held them more rarely finding it difficult to convoke them as often as the ever increasing volume of business demanded. In their stead the popes transacted the affairs brought before their court in the presence and with the assistance of the Roman cardinals, who about the same time had grown in dignity and importance, owing to the fact that the right o electing the pope now rested in them exclusively.
Thus the Sacred College of Cardinals, assembled in consistory, became the biography of saint joseph freinademetz organ of the supreme and universal government of the Church. At first, matters of judicial as well as of administrative character were referred to the consistory. In course of time, however, the former were transferred to the Tribunal of the Sacred Rota. The "Corpus Juris" contains many of the decisions given by the popes in consistory, as is evidenced by the frequent formula de fratrun nostrorum consilio with the advice of our brethren.
The papal consistory has continued ever since to act as the supreme council of the popes, though it lost much of its importance when in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the Roman Congregations were instituted.
The amount of business brought before the Holy See had gradually increased to such a vast extent that it had to be divided among several particular committees of cardinals.
These committees were at first temporary but gradually became permanent, and to each of them a definite kind of ecclesiastical affairs was assigned. These permanent committees came to be known as biographies of saint joseph freinademetz. The first of them was instituted by Paul III, others by Pius IV and Pius V, but most of them owe their origin to Sixtus V.
Once the Roman Congregations, embracing in their scope almost the whole range of ecclesiastical affairs, were instituted, it was but natural that the papal consistory should lose in importance.
However, it did not go into desuetude altogether; it continued to be held, but more rarely, and only in the form which me proceed to describe. Formerly it was customary for the biography of saint joseph freinademetz, soon after entering the hall of consistory, to confer singly with the cardinals on such personal matters as they wished to bring before him, and it was only this audience was over that nobles and prelates were excluded from the hall.
But at the present day this audience is omitted. The consistory is frequently opened with an address, or allocution, in which the pope often reviews the condition of the Church in general or in some particular country, pointing out what deserves praise or needs to be condemned.
Such allocutions are afterwards given to the public in order that the world at large may know the mind of the pope on these matters. At the end of the allocution the creation of new cardinals takes place. The pope announces the names of those whom he intends to raise to the cardinalate, and asks the cardinals for their opinion; the cardinals remove their caps as a sign of consent, and the pope proceeds immediately to the formal appointment.
It is also in the secret consistory that the cardinals receive from the pope the cardinal's ring, are appointed to some titular church or deaconry, exercise the option of passing from one titular church to another, and of ascending from the order of deacons and priests to the order of priests and bishops respectively.
It is also here that the pope appoints the camerlengo and the Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, and performs the ceremony of "closing" and "opening" the mouth of the new cardinals. To this consistory belong also the appointments of bishops, archbishops, and patriarchs, the transfers of these dignitaries from one see to another, the appointments of coadjutors, the creation and announcement of new dioceses, the division and union of dioceses already existing.
But the etails are not discussed in the consistory itself. All the previous consultations that are required in order that the pope may come to a prudent conclusion have taken place in a congregation called consistorial, and the pope in the consistory itself only gives his decision. There are some sees whose bishops are appointed through a Brief outside the consistory. Such are those in territories depending on the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda, and others as necessity may require.
These appointments are merely promulgated in the secret consistory. At the end of the consistory the advocates called consistorial are admitted to request, with the usual formalities, the pallium for newly appointed archbishops; their petition is granted immediately, but the conferring of the pallium takes place later. Laymen also, who have made previous application, are permitted to be present. Formerly, in this consistory the pope used to give solemn reception to kings, and ambassadors; but this is no longer the custom.
In the public consistory the pope performs the ceremony of delivering the red hat to the newly created cardinals. Moreover, the consistorial advocates plead here the causes of beatification and canonization. These pleadings are of two kinds. In the first permission is asked that the ordinary process of beatification or canonization may be introduced, or continued, or brought to completion.
The second has reference only to causes of canonization. For in accordance with the practice of the Holy See, even after it has been conclusively proved that the miracles required for canonization have been performed through the intercession of one declared blessed, the honours of a saint are not decreed to him, unless the question as to whether canonization should take place has been treated in three consistories: In the secret consistory the pope asks the opinions of the cardinals, who express it singly by answering placet or non placet aye or no.
In the public consistory one of the consistorial advocates pleads the cause and a prelate answers in the pope's name, inviting all to pray in order that the pope may be enlightened on the subject. The final voting takes place in the semi-public consistory. To this consistory the bishops residing within one hundred miles of Rome are summoned, while invitations are sent to all the other bishops of Italy; moreover, titular patriarchs and archbishops and bishops who live in Rome, as biography of saint joseph freinademetz as bishops who happen to be sojourning there at the time, are likewise present.
After all the Fathers have expressed their opinions on the subject, the pope closes the assembly with an biography of saint joseph freinademetz on the following canonization.
With regard to the time for holding the consistories, the old practice of assembling them at fixed intervals has passed out of use and today they meet, as occasion demands, at the pope's wish. The celebration will be divided into two parts. The first part will be dedicated to remembering the words and actions of John Paul II.
There shall then be a solemn procession during which the image of Maria Salus Populi Romani will be enthroned; this shall be accompanied by representatives of all the parishes and chaplaincies of the diocese. Privileged accounts will be given by Joaquin Navarro-Valls and Cardinal Stanislaw Dziwisz, both of whom worked closely with the Pope, and by Sr.
Marie Simon-Pierre, whose miraculous recovery opened the way for the beatification process. This first part of the celebrations will be concluded with the hymn "Totus tuus," composed for the 50th anniversary of John Paul's priestly ordination. The second part will focus on the celebration of the Luminous Mysteries of the Rosary, which were introduced by John Paul II.
After the hymn "Open the doors to Christ", Cardinal Vallini will give an introduction summarizing the spiritual and pastoral character of John Paul II. The Rosary will then be recited, with a live connection to five Marian sanctuaries around the world.
Each of the five Mysteries of the Rosary shall be linked to a prayer intention of importance to John Paul II. In the Sanctuary of Lagniewniki, Krakow, the prayer intention will take the theme of youth; in the Sanctuary of Kawekamo, Bugando, Tanzania, the family; in the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lebanon, Harissa, evangelisation; in the Basilica of Sancta Maria de Guadalupe, Mexico City, hope and peace among peoples; and in the Sanctuary of Fatima, the Church.
To conclude the vigil, Benedict XVI shall recite the final oration and impart the apostolic blessing to all participants, in live transmission from the Apostolic Palace.
That night the following churches shall remain open for the oration: The solemn liturgy of beatification shall be preceded by an hour of preparation during which the faithful shall pray together the Chaplet of Divine Mercy, a devotion introduced by Saint Mary Faustina Kowalska and dear to the Blessed John Paul II.
The preparation will conclude with an Invocation to Mercy in the world, with the hymn "Jezu ufam tobie. At the end of the rite of beatification, the unveiling of the tapestry depicting the newly Blessed shall be accompanied by the Hymn to the Blessed in Latin. Mass on Monday 2 May shall be the first celebrated in honour of the newly Blessed John Paul II.
The texts shall be those of the Mass of the Blessed John Paul II. Music during the celebrations shall be provided by the Choir of the Diocese of Rome, with the participation of the Choir of Warsaw and the Wadowice Symphony Orchestra, Poland.
Lombardi explained that in the biography of saint joseph freinademetz of Friday 29 April the tomb of the Blessed Pope Innocent XI - currently in the Chapel of St.
Peter's Basilica - shall be transferred to the Altar of Transfiguration, to make way for the body of John Paul II. That morning, the coffin of John Paul II - which shall not be opened - will be transferred before the tomb of St. Peter, in the Vatican grotto. On the morning of 1 May, it will be brought before the Altar of Confession in the Basilica.
Following the beatification ceremony, the Pope and the concelebrating cardinals will make their way to the Altar of Confession in the Basilica and will pray for a moment before the body of the newly Blessed.
From that evening, those who wish to do so may venerate the remains of John Paul II. Walter Insero shall present the new project, "Digital Sentinels," recalling the polish Pope's address to the young as "sentinels of the morning" on World Youth Day in Rome. Through the already well-known portal "Pope2You," provided by the Pontifical Council for Social Communications, it will be possible to send digital postcards with phrases, in several languages, extracted from John Paul II's various addresses to young people.
These postcards may be used as invitations to young people to come to Rome to celebrate the beatification of John Paul II. Furthermore, through this portal it will be possible to follow the scheduled celebrations Vigil, beatification Mass, Mass of thanksgiving. O Mary, bright dawn of the new world, Mother of the living, to you do we entrust the cause of life: Look down, O Mother, upon the vast numbers of babies not allowed to be born, of the poor whose lives are made difficult, of men and women who are victims of brutal violence, of the elderly and the sick killed by indifference or out of misguided mercy.
Grant that all who believe in your son may proclaim the Gospel of life with honesty and love to the people of our time. Obtain for them the grace to accept that Gospel as a ever new, the joy of celebrating it with gratitude throughout their lives, and the courage to bear witness to it resolutely, in order to build, together with all people of good will, the civilization of truth and love, to the praise and glory of God, the Creator and biography of saint joseph freinademetz of life.
Pope John Paul II from the Gospel of Life given in Rome on 25 Marchthe Solemnity of the Annunciantion of the Lord. She died in childbirth on April 13, Edmund WOJTYLA brother was born on August 27, and died of biography of saint joseph freinademetz fever in in Wadowice, Poland.
Olga WOJTYLA sister was born and died in Karol Jozef WOJTYLA Saint Pope John Paul II. Maciej WOJTYLA was born on January 1, in Czaniec, Poland and died on September 2, in Lipnik, near Bielsko, Poland. He was a master tailor. Anna PRZECZEK was born biography of saint joseph freinademetz unknown and died in Parents of Karol WOJTYLA Sr. He was a pack-saddle maker and carriage refurbisher.
Maria Anna SCHOLZ was born in and died in Franciszek WOJTYLA was born on March 25, in Czaniec, Poland. Franciszka GALUSZKA Parents of Maciej WOJTYLA. Franciszek PRZECZEK was born in Lipnik, near Bielsko, Poland. Maria HESS Parents of Anna PRZECZEK. Jan SCHOLZ was born in Biala now BielskoPoland. Zuzanna RYBICKA Parents of Maria Anna SCHOLZ. Social Encyclicals of the most recent Pontificates. Beatification and Canonizazion Ceremonies.
Episcopal Ordinations conferred by John Paul II. Audiences and biographies of saint joseph freinademetz with political figures General Audiences. World Days of Fasting for Peace asked by John Paul II. Diplomatic Relations of the Holy See. Visits outside Italy in different nations [ Italian ]. Visits in Italy outside Rome and Castelgandolfo [ Italian ]. Visits to the Diocese and to the City of Rome and to the Municipality of Castelgandolfo [Italian].
Visits to the Bodies of the Holy See and of Vatican City State [ Italian ]. Cumulative, global and specified statistics concerning the Apostolic Voyages [ EnglishItalian ].
The joy of being with you today is particularly strong. It is the delight of being able to visit the th parish community of the beloved Church of Rome. From the beginning of my Pontificate, I have made a priority of exercising the ministry of Bishop of Rome, even by visiting the parish communities of the Diocese.
To date, 16 parishes have visited the Holy Father, bringing the total of Roman parishes meeting the Pope to Planned speeches during Apostolic Voyages including those in Italy. Dives in misericordia It is "God, who is rich in mercy" whom Jesus Christ has revealed to us as Father. Laborem exercens On Human Work on the ninetieth yearsversary of Rerum novarum. Slavorum Apostoli The Apostles of the Slavs, Saints Cyril and Methodius, are remembered biography of saint joseph freinademetz the great work of evangelization after eleven centuries.
Dominum et vivificantem On the Holy Spirit in the Life of the Church and the World. Redemptoris Mater On the Blessed Virgin Mary in the life of the Pilgrim Church. Sollicitudo rei socialis The social concern of the Church, directed towards an authentic development of man and society biography of saint joseph freinademetz, the twentieth yearsversary of " Populorum progressio ".
Redemptoris missio On the permanent validity of the Church's missionary mandate. Centesimus annus On the Centenary of the promulgation of the Encyclical "Rerum novarum". Veritatis splendor Jesus Christ, the true light that enlightens everyone. Evangelium vitae The Gospel of life is at the heart of Jesus' message. Fides et biography of saint joseph freinademetz Faith and reason are like two biographies of saint joseph freinademetz on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth.
LABOREM EXCERCENS on Human Work on the ninetieth anniversary of Rerum novarum. Canonizations starting with the Pontificate of Clement VIII [On 22 Januarywith the Apostolic Constitution Immensa aeterniPope Sixtus V created the Sacred Congregation of Rites to regulate biography of saint joseph freinademetz worship and to deal with the causes of saints].
Documentation Synod of Bishops [ EnglishFrenchItalianSpanish ]. Statistical data concerning the presence of the faithful in the Audiences of John Paul II [ Italian ]. Speeches [ EnglishFrenchGermanItalianPortugueseSpanish ]. World Youth Day [ EnglishFrenchItalianSpanish ] World Day of the Sick [ Italian ] World Day for Peace [ Italian ] World Day for Migrants and Refugees [ EnglishItalian ] World Meeting of the Family [ EnglishItalian ] World Communications Day [ Italian ] Other World Days [ EnglishFrenchGermanItalianPortugheseSpanish ].
In Assisi, on occasion of the special prayer meeting for peace in Europe and particularly in the Balkans January. Christmas [ Italiano ]. Spiritual Exercises [ Italiano ]. Way of the Cross [ Italiano ]. Diplomatic Relations of the Holy See [ FranceseIngleseItaliano ]. VATICAN CITY, OCT 10, VIS - We conclude our overview of Pope John Paul's biography of saint joseph freinademetz with a biography of saint joseph freinademetz of the highlights from through October 15, Pope beatifies Popes Pius IX and John XXIII, Bishop Tommaso Reggio, Fr.
Guillaume-Joseph Chaminade and Abbot Columba Marmion. Presentation of document of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith: Mass for Jubilee of Universities. Audience for Mireya Elisa Moscoso Rodriguez, president of the Republic of Panama. Olusegun Obasanjo, president of Nigeria, welcomed.
Cardinal Roger Etchegaray on third trip to China: Jubilee of Pontifical Representatives: Mass with Cardinal Sodano and audience with Pope John Paul. Holy See and Lithuania sign Accords. Jubilee of the Elderly, Eucharistic celebration in St.
Pope welcomes Hungarian President Ferenc Madl. Mass for 20th International Mariological-Marian Congress and for Jubilee of Shrines. VATICAN CITY, OCT 14, VIS - Encyclical comes from a Greek term used to indicate letters that princes and magistrates sent to the widest possible number of people in order to make known laws, rules, regulations. The corresponding Latin term was "circularis," which referred to a letter or message intended for extensive circulation. Encyclical today has come to be associated solely with the Church.
Encyclical Letters, the most solemn documents of the ordinary and universal pontifical magisterium, are usually addressed to all the bishops and faithful of the Catholic Church, but frequently are also addressed to include "all people of good will.
Encyclicals may deal with doctrinal matters, exhort or call the faithful to public prayer for a specific reason, or be commemorative of an important Church anniversary.
They are always signed by the pope, usually in Latin, and are published in the "Acta Apostolicae Sedis" and in individual books in diverse languages. The official Latin text is prepared by the Secretariat of State and normally five copies of the Latin-language document are signed by the Holy Father. The text, in various languages, is sent to episcopal conferences worldwide through the pontifical representatives.
For many centuries, the office which prepared these documents was called the Chancery of Apostolic Letters. Dating back to the 4th century, the chancery was suppressed by Pope Paul VI with the Motu proprio "Quo aptius" of February 27, Pope John Paul has written 14 encyclicals, 13 of which are Encyclical Letters and 1 - "Slavorum Apostoli" - is an Encyclical Epistle.
VATICAN CITY, OCT 15, VIS - Following is a biography of saint joseph freinademetz of all synods ordinary, extraordinary and special that have been held since the Synod of Bishops was founded in by Pope Paul VI. Pope John Paul II has been a member of every synod and attended all but one as a bishop. In Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, primate of Poland, was refused permission by Polish authorities to come to Rome to attend the October synod. In a gesture of solidarity, newly-created Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, remained in Poland and did not attend the synod.
Archives of the Synod of Bishops nonetheless list him as a member of the synod. The first Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation written by the Holy Father, "Catechesi Tradendae," was signed on the first anniversary of his election, October 16, His latest Apostolic Exhortation, "Pastores gregis," will be signed tomorrow, the 25th anniversary of his election. Revision of the Code of Canon Law. Institution of the International Theological Commission.
Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis Sacerdotalis. Justice in the world. Document on justice in the world. Document on ministerial priesthood. The evangelization of the contemporary world. Declaration of the Synod Fathers. Apostolic Exhortation "Evangelii Nuntiandi," Paul VI.
Catechesis in our time, especially of children and youth. Apostolic Exhortation "Catechesi Tradendae," John Paul II October 16, Apostolic Exhortation "Familiaris Consortio," John Paul II November 22, Reconciliation and biography of saint joseph freinademetz in the pastoral mission of the Church.
Apostolic Exhortation "Reconciliatio et Paenitentia," John Paul II December 2, Vocation and mission of the laity in the Church and in the world twenty years after the Second Vatican Council. Apostolic Exhortation "Christifideles Laici," John Paul II December 30, Formation of priests in today's society.
Apostolic Exhortation "Pastores dabo vobis," John Paul II March 25, Apostolic Exhortation "Vita Consecrata," John Paul II March 25, Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation "Pastores gregis," John Paul II October 16, Cooperation of episcopal conferences with the Holy See and with each other. Commemoration, evaluation and promotion of Ecumenical Vatican Council II on the 20th anniversary of its biography of saint joseph freinademetz.
Final report of the Synod. Particular Synod of Bishops of the Netherlands. The pastoral ministry of the Church in the Netherlands in present-day circumstances.
Final document of the particular Synod. Special Assembly for Europe to Theme: Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops to Theme: Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation "Ecclesia in Africa," John Paul II signed in Yaounde, Cameroon on September 14, Special Assembly for Lebanon of the Synod of Bishops to Theme: Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation "A New Hope for Lebanon," John Paul II signed in Beirut, Lebanon on May 10, Special Assembly for America of bheems ceciroleo biography Synod of Bishops to Theme: Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation "Ecclesia in America," John Paul II signed in Mexico City on January 22, Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops to Theme: That they may have life and have it abundantly'.
Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation "Ecclesia in Asia," John Paul II signed in New Delhi, India on November 6, Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops toTheme: Walking His Way, Telling His Truth, Living His Life. Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation "Ecclesia in Oceania," John Paul II transmitted from the Vatican via Internet by the Pope on November 22, Second Special Assembly for Europe to Theme: Postsynodal Apostolic Exhortation "Ecclesia in Europa," John Paul II June 28, M, -24 November Barbara Ts'Oei-Lien-Cheu, biography of saint joseph freinademetz, -17 April Cesidio Giacomantonio, priest 0.
Lantrua Giovanni da Triora priest 0FM. M -24 November James Ien-Ku-Tun, layman, -24 November James Tciao-Tciuen-Sin, layman, -24 November John Baptist Ou-Man-T'Ang, layman -17 April John Baptist Tchao-Ming, layman -17 April John Baptist Tchou-Ou-Joei, layman -17 April John Ou-Wenn-Yinn, layman -17 April John Peter Neel, priest M.
M -24 November Joseph Wang-Jou-Mei, layman -17 April Joseph Wang-K'Oei-Tsu, layman -17 April Joseph Yuang-Keng-Yinn, layman -17 April K'I-Tchou-Tzeu, layman -17 April Lang-Yang-Cheu, laywoman -17 April Leo Ignazio Mangin, priest S.
S -24 November Peter Tchao-Ming, layman -17 April Peter Tchou-Jeu-Sinn, layman -17 April Peter U-Ngan-Pan, 0. S -24 November Simon Tsinn, biography of saint joseph freinademetz -17 April Tchang-Hoai-Lou, layman -17 April Teodorico Balat, priest 0. Rubio y Peralta, S. May 3 Ulricke Nische, Nov. Lucia Khambang, Agatha Phutta, Cecilia Butsi, Bibiana Khampai, Maria PhonOct. Agostino Cacciavillan, 78, ItalyPresident Emeritus of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, Roman Curia.
Julian Herranz Casado, 75, SpainPresident Emeritus of Interpretation of Legislative Texts, Roman Curia. Attilio Nicora, 68, ItalyPresident Emeritus of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, Roman Curia.
Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien, 67, IrelandArchbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh, Scotland. Sergio Sebastiani, 73, ItalyPresident Emeritus of Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See, Roman Curia. Javier Lozano Barragan, 72, MexicoPresident Emeritus of Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, biography of saint joseph freinademetz, Roman Curia. Jorge Arturo Medina Estevez, 78, ChilePrefect Emeritus of Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Roman Curia.
William Wakefield Baum, 78, Washington archbishop, Major Penitentiary Emeritus of Apostolic Penitentiary, Roman Curia.
James Francis Stafford, 72, Denver biography of saint joseph freinademetz archbishopMajor Penitentiary of Apostolic Penitentiary, Roman Curia. Edmund Casimir Szoka, 77, Detroit biography of saint joseph freinademetz archbishopPresident of Governatorate of Vatican City State, Roman Curia. Francis Arinze, 72, NigeriaPrefect Emeritus of Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Roman Curia.
Stephen Fumio Hamao, 75, JapanPresident Emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant Peoples, Roman Curia.
Saint Catherine of Alexandria is a canonized saint in the Catholic Church who, per Christian tradition, was martyred around in Alexandria, Egypt. Of course, the Church of the first Born Inigo Lopez de Loyola inthe man known as Ignatius of Loyola entered the world in Loiola, Spain. At the time, the name of the village was spelled "Loyola," hence the discrepancy. Jerome, who was born Eusebius Hieronymous Sophronius, was the most learned of the Fathers of the Western Church.
He was born about the year at Stridonius, a small town at the head Learn about the lives of the saints and other saint resources, including a calendar, over 5, saint biographies, our most popular saints, and a list of patron saints. Genevieve was a fair and courageous peasant girl who was born around in Nanterre, France, to a man named Severus and a woman named Gerontia.
When Genevieve was only seven-years-old, St. Germanus, Bishop of Auxerre visited Nanterre on his way to Britain. Saint Michael the Archangel isn't a biography of saint joseph freinademetz, but rather he is an angel, and the leader of all angels and of the army of God. This is what the title "Archangel" means, that he is above all the others in rank. Michael has four main responsibilities or offices, as we Gabriel is an angel who serves as a messenger for God to certain people.
He is one of the three archangels. Gabriel is mentioned in both the Old and the New Testaments of the Bible. First, in the Old Testament, Gabriel appears to the prophet Daniel to explain his Two Greek philosophers ventured out into the Egyptian desert to the mountain where Anthony lived. When they got there, Anthony asked them why they had come to talk to such a foolish man?
He had reason to say that -- they saw before them a man who wore a skin, who Claretian archbishop and founder. Anthony was born in Salient in Catalonia, Spain, inthe son of a weaver. He took up weaving but then studied for the priesthood, desiring to be a Jesuit. Ill health prevented his entering the Order, and he served as a biography of saint joseph freinademetz Father, raise up women like Catherine of Siena for this new missionary age of your Church.
Women who are so in love with you, and so conformed to the Image of your Son, they can do for your Church in this hour, what she did in her own. Saints are a gift for the Alleged 'Suicide' Bishop's body shows signs of TORTURE - murder Reading 1, Tobit Copyright Catholic Online.
All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited. October 22 Patron of World Youth Day Co- Patron Birth: May 1, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI Canonized By: April 27, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis.
Born in Wadowice Krak? Baptized into Christ and His Church by a Chaplain in the Polish Army, Fr. Attended the elementary school for boys, and then the prep years of secondary school "Marcin Wadowita" in which during all his classes he achieved the top grades. Death of his mother due to heart and kidney problems. Admitted to the State Secondary School for biographies of saint joseph freinademetz, "Marcin Wadowita".
Loss of his childhood occurs with the death of his brother to scarlet fever. Participates in military training exercises at Hermanice. Admitted into the Society of Mary. Receives the Sacrament of Confirmation. Enrolls in the Faculty of Philosophy course of Polish Philosophy at Jagellonian University, Krak?
Young Karol and his father move to Krak? University military training camp at Ozomla, near Sadowa Wiszna for Polish and Ukraine students. Registers for the second year university courses in Literature and Philosophy. Escaped Gestapo biography of saint joseph freinademetz by hiding in his uncle's basement. The Russian Armed Forces free Krak?
As on the preceding occasions, he received Holy Orders from the hands of Archbishop Metropolitan Adam Sapieha in his biography of saint joseph freinademetz chapel. Celebrates his first Mass in the crypt of St. Leaves Poland to begin studies in Rome. Earns a master's degree in theology at the Jagellonian University in Krak? Earns a doctorate in sacred theology in the Faculty of Theology at the Jagellonian University with highest marks.
Archbishop Baziak puts him on leave until to complete his qualifying exams for a university position. Up until now he served as a chaplain to the university students in St. Florian's and for biography of saint joseph freinademetz workers.
Gives a course in Catholic social ethics for the students of fourth year theology at the Jagellonian University. Completes his qualifying exams by presenting his rebecca ferguson biography imdb on the "ethical system of Max Scheler".
Faculty of Theology at the Jagellonian University abolished, this faculty is then organized at the Seminary of Krak? Catholic University of Lublin offers him a non-tenured professorship which he accepts. Appointed to the Chair of Ethics at the Catholic University of Lublin. The Central Qualifying Committee approves his biography of saint joseph freinademetz as free docent. Appointed Auxiliary Bishop to Archbishop Mons.
Eugeniusz Baziak of Krak? Ordained Bishop in the Cathedral of Wavel. After the death of Archbishop Baziak, named Vicar Capitular. Participates in the II Session of the Second Vatican Council. Designated Metropolitan Bishop of Krak? Episcopal Commission for the Apostolate of the Laity is established; Archbishop Wojtyla is made President.
Paul VI announces the next Consistory. Among the biographies of saint joseph freinademetz of the new Cardinals elect is that of Karol Wojtyla. Consecrated Cardinal in the Sistine Chapel, by Pope Paul VI - titular S. Takes possession of the titular Church, S. Cesareo in Palatio, Rome. Approval of the statutes of the Episcopal Conference; Cardinal Wojtyla is Vice-President of the Conference.
The Polish Theological Society PTT of Krakow publishes "The Acting Person" Osoba i cyzn. Is elected to the Council of the Secretary General of the Synod of Bishops. Wojtyla presides over the Polish delegation at the international conference in Rome for the preparations of the new Apostolic Constitution for Ecclesiastical Studies. Receives a doctorate "honoris causa" from Johannes Guttenberg University, Mainz.
Present at the funeral of Paul VI. John Paul I Albino Luciani is elected Pope.
Leaves for the funeral of Pope John Paul I. Cardinal Karol Wojtyla is elected th Pope at approximately 5: He is the rd Successor richard wagner biography pdf Peter. Takes first trip abroad, to Dominican Republic, Mexico and the Bahamas. The pope says Mass at the site of the Birkenau concentration camp, the largest of 36 camps in a complex known collectively as Auschwitz.
John Paul II visits the United States for the first time as pope and addresses the United Nations General Assembly in New York. Pope John Paul II is shot in the abdomen and hand in St, biography of saint joseph freinademetz. Peter's Square and seriously wounded. Mehmet Ali Agca, a Turk, is arrested. The pope spends 22 days in a hospital. A Spanish priest lunges at the pope with a bayonet during the first day of a papal trip to Fatima, Portugal.
John Paul is unhurt. Calls for the heads of government of the United States and the Soviet Union to negotiate an end to the arms race. The pope meets with and forgives his would-be assassin, Mehmet Ali Agca, in prison in Rome. The United States and the Vatican establish full diplomatic relations.
John Paul II prays at Rome's main synagogue, the first ever recorded visit of a pope to a synagogue. Official visit of U. Receives Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev at the Vatican in the first ever meeting between a pope and a Kremlin chief. Issues first encyclical on social issues since the fall of communism in Europe, giving qualified approval to capitalism but warning rich against taking advantage of poor.
Agreement signed establishing formal diplomatic ties between Israel and Vatican. John Paul II reaffirms the church's opposition to female priests in a letter to bishops, writing that the church "has no authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women and that this judgment is to be definitively held by all the church's faithful.
Publishes his book, Crossing the Threshold of Hope. Issues encyclical "Gospel of Life," and condemns spreading "culture of death," including abortion, euthanasia, experimentation on human embryos.
The statement comes in the 11th encyclical -- a special letter reserved for matters of extreme importance to the church -- of John Paul's papacy.
Meets with Cuban President Fidel Castro. Vatican issues We Remember: A Reflection on the Shoah, or Holocaust, expressing remorse for the cowardice of some Christians during World War II but defending the actions of wartime Pope Pius XII. Celebrates 20th anniversary as pope, asking for prayers to fulfill his mission "until the end.
Gives permission to start the cause of beatification for Mother Teresa of Calcutta. Mehmet Ali Agca, who attempted to assassinate John Paul II inis granted clemency by Italian President Carlo Ciampi, and extradited to his native Turkey.
A top Vatican official publicly acknowledges for the first time what observers have suspected for a decade -- that John Paul II suffers from Parkinson's disease. The pope had long showed signs of Parkingson's, including slurred speech and trembling. Bush awards pontiff the Medal of Freedom. The pope breathes heavily and gasps during an open-air Mass in Lourdes, France, during one of just two foreign trips during the year.
Rushed to a hospital in Rome with flu and difficulties breathing. Returns to hospital after a relapse of the flu; undergoes a tracheotomy to ease his breathing. The Vatican announces that John Paul II has a high fever as a result of a urinary tract infection. He later suffers septic shock, meaning that bacteria had spread from his urinary tract to his blood, poisoning his blood stream and causing his blood vessels to collapse.
The pope receives the sacrament for the sick and dying, formerly known as the last rites. Vatican announces John Paul II has a high fever as a result of urinary tract infection. Pope John Paul II dies at 9: Jozef Sebastian Pelczar Bl. Pope John Paul II Products by CatholicShopping.
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Catherine of Alexandria Saint Catherine of Alexandria is a canonized saint in the Catholic Church who, per Christian tradition, was martyred around in Alexandria, Egypt. Ignatius Loyola Born Inigo Lopez de Loyola inthe man known as Ignatius of Loyola entered the world in Samuthirakani biography wiki, Spain. Saint of the Day St. Ephrem "I was born in the way of truth: Saint of the Day by E-Mail Learn about the lives of the saints and other saint resources, including a calendar, over 5, saint biographies, our most popular saints, and a list of patron saints.
Anne Mary Taigi Bl. Anthusa All Female Saints. Saint Calendar by Month January February March April May June July August September October November December. Michael the Archangel Saint Michael the Archangel isn't a saint, but rather he is an angel, and the leader of all angels and of the army of God. Gabriel, the Archangel St. Do they really exist? Why did God Create Angels? Angels with Names Guardian Angels Man lower than Angels? Angels of the Church The Fallen Angels The Nine Choirs of Angels Angel Encounters Angels in the Bible Prayers to the Angels.
Saints Fun Facts St. Anthony the Abbot Two Greek philosophers ventured out into the Egyptian desert to the mountain where Anthony lived. Anthony Mary Claret Claretian archbishop and founder. More Saints All Saints' Day All Souls' Day Day of the Dead Stigmata California Missions. We Need Saints for this Missionary Age By Deacon Keith Fournier Father, raise up women like Catherine of Siena for this new missionary age of your Church.
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