Antoine lavoisier brief biography

antoine lavoisier brief biography

Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier was a French lawyer, economist and chemist. Lavoisier also took on administrative duties within the Academy of Sciences and in other government agencies during the final years of the monarchy and the early years of the French Revolution. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier was born in Paris in His forebears had done well in the law over several generations and by this time the www. lavoisier - Antoine -Laurent de Lavoisier (also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution; French: [ɑ̃twan lɔʁɑ̃ də lavwazje]; 26 August – 8 May ;) was a Antoine_Lavoisier. Maverick giant of chemistry Niccolo Tartaglia:

When Lavoisier was a chemist, the dominant theory of combustion was the phlogiston theory. Phlogiston was a substance inherent in all matter that was released brief biography something burned.

Items with a lot of phlogiston burned easily. Items with little phologiston would not burn. Fires in enclosed spaces would die because the air would become saturated with phlogiston, preventing further combustion.

antoine lavoisier brief biography

For example, charcoal contained a lot of phlogiston. When burned, this phlogiston would be released and the remaining ashes were all that was brief biography. The problem with phlogiston theory was trying to determine how much phlogiston weighed.

In some cases, such as calcinating heating a metal in air some metals to form a metal oxide, the weight of the oxide was higher than the original metal. This would imply phlogiston would have a negative value for weight.

Antoine Lavoisier: The Father of Modern Chemistry

Lavoisier showed that reactions with oxygen caused oxides to form and combustion to take place. He brief biography showed how the mass of the reactants of a chemical reaction was equal to the mass of the products.

This removed the need for phlogiston to have weight, either positive or negative. When he died, phlogiston theory was still accepted, but the next generation of chemists accepted his work and phlogiston theory was brief biography.

The post-revolutionary French government took a dim view of foreign born scientists in France and passed a mandate that denied foreign scientists their freedom and possessions. Prior to the Revolution, Paris was considered one of best places for scientists to come from across Europe and the French Academy of Sciences was world renown.

Lavoisier disagreed with the government's stance and was outspoken in the defense of foreign scientists. For this, he was branded a traitor to France and tried, convicted, and guillotined all in the same day.

antoine lavoisier brief biography

The same government exonerated Zaverchand meghani biography two years later. Search the site GO. Updated April 03, Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier was a French lawyer, economist and chemist.

August 26, in Paris, France.

May 8, in Paris, France at the age of Considered the Father of Chemistry for making chemistry a quantitative science from a qualitative science. Authored the the first modern chemistry textbook "Elementary Treatise of Chemistry" which listed all the currently known elements.

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antoine lavoisier brief biography

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